What Are Carbohydrates?

Introduction of carbohydrates

Every food that we eat full of energy and have some nutritious value. Every food contains some hidden benefits for our health. Here we discuss carbohydrates.

Carbohydrates are the large group of organic compounds present in foods and living tissues and including sugars, starch, and cellulose.

They contain hydrogen and oxygen in the same ratio as water (2:1) and typically can be tore into pieces to release energy.

Role of carbohydrates

Carbohydrates are known as “carbs” or saccharides. They have several roles in living organisms, including energy transportation. They are also structural components of plants and insects, also involved in reproduction, the immune system, the development of disease and blood clotting. Your digestive system changes carbs into glucose. Your body uses this sugar for energy for the cells, tissue, and organs. It stores any extra sugar in your liver and muscles.

What are carbohydrates?

They are the major food source and a key form of energy for most organisms. They consist of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms. Two basic compounds make up carbohydrates. They are one of the main types of nutrients .they are a most important source of energy for your body. They are called simple or complex, depending on their chemical structure.

Simple carbs: it includes sugar found naturally in food, such as fruits, vegetables, milk and milk product. They also include sugar added during food processing and refining.

Complex carbs: it includes whole grain bread, and cereals, starchy vegetables, and legumes. Many carbs are a good source of fiber.

Types of carbohydrates

There are many types of carbs:


It is smallest possible sugar unit. It includes glucose, gelatos’ or fructose. Glucose is the major source of energy for a cell. Blood sugar means glucose in the blood. Gelatos’ most readily available in milk and dairy products. Fructose mostly in vegetable and fruits.


Disaccharides are two monosaccharide’s molecules bonded together such as lactose, maltose, and sucrose. Bonding one glucose molecules with a gelatos molecule produce lactose. Lactose is commonly found in milk.

Bonding one glucose molecule with a fructose molecule produces a sucrose molecule.


Polysaccharides are a chain of two or more monosaccharides. Glycogen is polysaccharides that humans and animals stored in the liver and muscles.


We need carbohydrates for health, but they must be the right kind of carbs. Following a well-balanced diet that includes unprocessed carbs, and getting enough sleep and physical activity is more likely to lead to good health and an appropriate body weight than focusing on or eliminating particular nutrients.

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